In almost all religious convictions the practices and beliefs of the Catholics are manifested.
Necessity and nature In what sense necessary Almighty God can and does give grace to men in answer to their internal aspirations and prayers without the use of any external sign or ceremony. This will always be possible, because Godgraceand the soul are spiritual beings. God is not restricted to the use of material, visible symbols in dealing with men ; the sacraments are not necessary in the sense that they could not have been dispensed with.
But, if it is known that A comparison of catholics and episcopalians has appointed external, visible ceremonies as the means by which certain graces are to be conferred on menthen in order to obtain those graces it will be necessary for men to make use of those Divinely appointed means.
This truth theologians express by saying that the sacraments are necessarynot absolutely but only hypothetically, i.
In this sense the Council of Trent Sess. It is the teaching of the Catholic Church and of Christians in general that, whilst God was nowise bound to make use of external ceremonies as symbols of things spiritual and sacred, it has pleased Him to do so, and this is the ordinary and most suitable manner of dealing with men.
Writers on the sacraments refer to this as the necessitas convenientiae, the necessity of suitableness. It is not really a necessitybut the most appropriate manner of dealing with creatures that are at the same time spiritual and corporeal. In this assertion all Christians are united: Morgan Dix "The sacramental system", New York,p.
Of this there is no reasonable doubtas regards the very ancient days, of which St. Chrysostom's treatise on the priesthood and St. Cyril's catechetical lectures may be taken as characteristic documents.
Nor was it otherwise with the more conservative of the reformed bodies of the sixteenth century. Martin Luther's Catechism, the Augsburg, and later the Westminster, Confessions are strongly sacramental in their tone, putting to shame the degenerate followers of those who compiled them" ibid.
Taking the word "sacrament" in its broadest sense, as the sign of something sacred and hidden the Greek word is "mystery"we can say that the whole world is a vast sacramental system, in that material things are unto men the signs of things spiritual and sacred, even of the Divinity.
The invisible things of him [i. God ], from the creation of the world, are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made; his eternal power also, and divinity" Romans 1: The redemption of man was not accomplished in an invisible manner.
God renewed, through the Patriarchs and the Prophetsthe promise of salvation made to the first man ; external symbols were used to express faith in the promised Redeemer: But when the fullness of time was come, God sent his Son, made of a woman " Galatians 4: The Incarnation took place because God dealt with men in the manner that was best suited to their nature.
The Visibility of the Church: The principal reason for a sacramental system is found in man. It is the nature of manwrites St. For other reasons see Catech.
Existence of sacred symbols a No sacraments in the state of innocence. Man's dignity was so great that he was raised above the natural condition of human nature.
His mind was subject to God ; his lower faculties were subject to the higher part of his mind ; his body was subject to his soul ; it would have been against the dignity of that state had he been dependent, for the acquisition of knowledge or of Divine graceon anything beneath him, i.
For this reason the majority of theologians hold that no sacraments would have been instituted even if that state had lasted for a long time. Apart from what was or might have been in that extraordinary state, the use of sacred symbols is universal. Augustine says that every religion, true or falsehas its visible signs or sacraments.
Commentators on the Scriptures and theologians almost unanimously assert that there were sacraments under the law of nature and under the Mosaic Lawas there are sacraments of greater dignity under the Law of Christ.
What those signs should be God did not determine, leaving this for the people, most probably to the leaders or heads of familieswho were guided in their choice by an interior inspiration of the Holy Ghost. This is the conception of St. Thomaswho says that, as under the law of nature when there was no written lawmen were guided by interior inspiration in worshiping Godso also they determined what signs should be used in the external acts of worship III: Afterwards, however, as it was necessary to give a written law: The vast majority of theologians teach that this ceremony was a sacrament and that it was instituted as a remedy for original sin ; consequently that it conferred gracenot indeed of itself ex opere operatobut by reason of the faith in Christ which it expressed.
Certainly it was at least a sign of something sacred, and it was appointed and determined by God himself as a sign of faith and as a mark by which the faithful were distinguished from unbelievers.
It was not, however, the only sign of faith used under the law of nature. It is incredible, writes St. Augustinethat before circumcision there was no sacrament for the relief justification of children, although for some good reason the Scriptures do not tell us what that sacrament was Against Julian III."A context in which to approach many of the difficult questions that confront" the Roman Catholic and Anglican churches is presented in a document on Christian anthropology released Dec.
22 by the Anglican-Roman Catholic Dialogue in the United States. Numbers, Facts and Trends Shaping Your World. About Follow. My Account Log in View Account Log out. What is the difference between Catholic and Episcopal?
• Catholics believe that faith in Christ alone is not sufficient for justification and that a man needs good deeds, in addition to faith, to achieve salvation.
go back to page HISTORY OF ERIE COUNTY.
CHAPTER IX. THE AMERICAN OCCUPATION.. THE first step in the actual settlement of Erie County by white people was taken in , when David Watts and William Miles were sent under the auspices of the State to survey the Tenth Donation District, embracing portions of Waterford, Wayne and Amity Townships.
Philip Jenkins, a scholar and Episcopal layman, does the math and finds out that at the Episcopal Church’s current rate of decline, there will be no more Episcopalians by the end of this century. Episcopalian Vs. Catholic Both Episcopalians and Catholics are quite similar and hardly differentiable.
As it is known the meaning of Catholic is ‘universal’. In almost all religious convictions the practices and beliefs of the Catholics are manifested.
This is why the confusion whether a church is Roman Catholic or Episcopal arises.