The term "Nazi" was in use before the rise of the NSDAP as a colloquial and derogatory word for a backwards farmer or peasantcharacterizing an awkward and clumsy person. In this sense, the word Nazi was a hypocorism of the German male name Ignatz itself a variation of the name Ignatius — Ignatz being a common name at the time in Bavariathe area from which the NSDAP emerged.
At the height of his success, Hitler was the master of the greater part of the European continent.
German rule in the east was extended to wide areas of the Baltic states, Belorussia now BelarusUkraine, and European Russia; Poland and the protectorate… The roots of Nazism Nazism had peculiarly German roots. It can be partly traced to the Prussian tradition as developed under Frederick William I —Frederick the Great —68and Otto von Bismarck —98which regarded the militant spirit and the discipline of the Prussian army as the model for all individual and civic life.
These two traditions were later reinforced by the 19th-century adoration of science and of the laws of nature, which seemed to operate independently of all concepts of good and evil.
Adolf Hitler third from right participating in a Nazi parade in Munich, c.
Library of Congress, Washington, D. The defeat and the resulting disillusionment, pauperization, and frustration—particularly among the lower middle classes—paved the way for the success of the propaganda of Hitler and the Nazis. The Treaty of Versaillesthe formal settlement of World War I drafted without German participation, alienated many Germans with its imposition of harsh monetary and territorial reparations.
The significant resentment expressed toward the peace treaty gave Hitler a starting point. The ruinous inflation of the German currency in wiped out the savings of many middle-class households and led to further public alienation and dissatisfaction.
Hitler added to Pan-Germanic aspirations the almost mystical fanaticism of a faith in the mission of the German race and the fervour of a social revolutionary gospel. Posing as a bulwark against communismHitler exploited the fears aroused in Germany and worldwide by the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia and the consolidation of communist power in the Soviet Union.
Thus, he was able to secure the support of many conservative elements that misunderstood the totalitarian character of his movement. He stressed the fact that all propaganda must hold its intellectual level at the capacity of the least intelligent of those at whom it is directed and that its truthfulness is much less important than its success.
Hitler found this common denominator in the Jewswhom he identified with both Bolshevism and a kind of cosmic evil.
Nazism attempted to reconcile conservative, nationalist ideology with a socially radical doctrine. In so doing, it became a profoundly revolutionary movement—albeit a largely negative one.
Rejecting rationalism, liberalismdemocracythe rule of lawhuman rightsand all movements of international cooperation and peace, it stressed instinct, the subordination of the individual to the state, and the necessity of blind and unswerving obedience to leaders appointed from above.
It also emphasized the inequality of men and races and the right of the strong to rule the weak; sought to purge or suppress competing political, religious, and social institutions; advanced an ethic of hardness and ferocity; and partly destroyed class distinctions by drawing into the movement misfits and failures from all social classes.
Although socialism was traditionally an internationalist creed, the radical wing of Nazism knew that a mass base existed for policies that were simultaneously anticapitalist and nationalist. However, after Hitler secured power, this radical strain was eliminated.
Totalitarianism and expansionism Working from these principles, Hitler carried his party from its inauspicious beginnings in a beer cellar in Munich to a dominant position in world politics 20 years later.Video: Nazism: Definition, Facts & Ideology The rise of Nazism was a dark chapter in twentieth century history.
Because of it, millions of people suffered and died. The best opinions, comments and analysis from The Telegraph. The Nazis called their ideology National Socialism while today it is generally referred to as Nazism.
Unlike other political ideologies, it was not articulated in much detail but was broadly defined in Mein Kampf and the NSDAP’s 25 Points. The spokesperson stressed that the "Nazism" listing was not due to any manual change by any Google employee and that the company does not manipulate search results to favor any political ideology.
The political, economic, and social chaos in Austria after World War I was the catalyst for the young Eric Voegelin's studies of the essence of ideologies and the ideologists who promoted them from both the left and right wing.
National Socialism (German: Nationalsozialismus), more commonly known as Nazism (/ ˈ n ɑː t s i ɪ z əm, ˈ n æ t-/), is the ideology and practices associated with the Nazi Party – officially the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) – in Nazi Germany, and of other far-right groups with similar aims.