She paid her fare and sat in an empty seat in the first row of back seats reserved for blacks in the "colored" section.
Rosa Parks Rosa Parks: Mother of the Freedom Movement December 1,marked the day one woman would alter the course of American civil rights.
Rosa Parks, also known as ‘the first lady of civil rights’ and ‘the mother of the freedom movement’, was a famous African-American civil rights activist. This biography profiles her childhood, life, career, works, achievements and timeline. Feb 03, · Watch video · Rosa Parks, while shying from the spotlight throughout her life, remained an esteemed figure in the history of American civil rights activism. In . Civil Rights Movement: Rosa Parks Rosa Parks: Mother of the Freedom Movement. December 1, , marked the day one woman would alter the course of American civil rights.
Many historians refer to it as the moment the modern movement began. When Rosa Parks refused to give her seat to a white passenger on a bus, she was arrested and fined for violating a city ordinance. Her brave defiance would help inspire the end of legal segregation of public facilities, as well as the extension of rights for minorities nationwide.
Rosa spent her childhood on the farm. Leona taught Rosa to read at a young age. Rosa went on to attend a segregated, one-room school in Pine Level.
She continued attending segregated schools until dropping out in the 11th grade to take care of her ailing mother and grandmother in Pine Level.
She had to walk to school while white students received bus transportation.
On one occasion, her grandfather guarded their house with a shotgun as members of the Ku Klux Klan marched past. Nixon, a post she held until In Augustblack teenager Emmett Till was killed after reportedly flirting with a young white woman while he was visiting relatives in Mississippi.
In November, Rosa attended a mass meeting in Montgomery that addressed the case as well as recent murders of other civil right activists. The discussions centered on what actions blacks could take to improve their civil rights. Bus drivers were to provide separate but equal accommodations for white and black passengers by assigning seats.
To do so, they created a line near the middle of the bus dividing white passengers in the front and African Americans in the back. If the seats in front filled up and more white passengers got on, the driver would move back the sign between the white and black sections.
If the black passenger protested, the driver could refuse service and contact the police to have him or her removed.
On December 1,after leaving from her job at a Montgomery department store, Rosa Parks boarded the Cleveland Avenue bus for home. She took a seat in the first row reserved for "colored" passengers toward the rear.
The bus soon began to fill with white passengers. The driver noted that several white passengers were being forced to stand. He stopped the bus and moved the sign separating the black and white sections back one row.
He then asked four black passengers to surrender their seats. All but Rosa complied. They brought her to police headquarters, where she was later released on bail.
Instead of riding the bus, many traveled in carpools or black-operated cabs.
Most others walked—some as far as 20 miles to work. The boycott continued until December 20,dealing a major financial blow to the bus company.
Montgomery ultimately repealed its law requiring segregation on public buses following a separate U. Supreme Court ruling Browder vs.
The Montgomery Bus Boycott became one of the most prolific and successful efforts against racial segregation in history. After retiring, Parks wrote her autobiography and lived a mainly quiet life in Detroit, Michigan, where she passed away of natural causes in October at the age of Her casket was placed in the rotunda of the U.
Capitol for two days.Reverend James Lawson was a leader in the Civil Rights Movement who advocated for the use of nonviolent tactics to effect positive social change. Harry T. Moore was an early civil rights leader. Rosa Parks traveled and supported civil rights events and causes and even wrote an autobiography, “Rosa Parks: My Story.” In , for all her accomplishments and beliefs as a strong African American, Rosa was awarded the Congressional Gold Medal, which is the highest honor in the United States presented to a civilian.
17 On October Watch video · Civil rights activist Rosa Parks refused to surrender her bus seat to a white passenger, spurring the Montgomery boycott and other efforts to end segregation. Rosa Parks: Mother of the Civil Rights Movement Share Flipboard Email Print Rosa Parks Mugshot, Public Domain History & Culture.
African American History Civil Rights Key Events Important Historical Figures Slavery & Abolition Segregation & Jim Crow The Black Freedom Struggle American History Major Highlights of the Civil Rights . Rosa Louise McCauley Parks (February 4, – October 24, ) was an activist in the civil rights movement best known for her pivotal role in the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
The United States Congress has called her "the first lady of civil rights" and "the mother of the freedom movement". Rosa Parks, née Rosa Louise McCauley, (born February 4, , Tuskegee, Alabama, U.S.—died October 24, , Detroit, Michigan), African American civil rights activist whose refusal to relinquish her seat on a public bus to a white man precipitated the –56 Montgomery bus boycott in Alabama, which is recognized as the spark that ignited.