An analysis of the effects of driving under the influence of alcohol

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An analysis of the effects of driving under the influence of alcohol

Drugged driving puts the driver, passengers, and others who share the road at risk. The effects of specific drugs differ depending on how they act in the brain. For example, marijuana can slow reaction time, impair judgment of time and distance, and decrease coordination.

Drivers who have used cocaine or methamphetamine can be aggressive and reckless when driving. Certain kinds of sedatives, called benzodiazepines, can cause dizziness and drowsiness.

An analysis of the effects of driving under the influence of alcohol

All of these impairments can lead to vehicle crashes. Research studies have shown negative effects of marijuana on drivers, including an increase in lane weaving, poor reaction time, and altered attention to the road.

Use of alcohol with marijuana made drivers more impaired, causing even more lane weaving. But we do know that even small amounts of some drugs can have a measurable effect. As a result, some states have zero-tolerance laws for drugged driving.

An analysis of the effects of driving under the influence of alcohol

This means a person can face charges for driving under the influence DUI if there is any amount of drug in the blood or urine. It's important to note that many states are waiting for research to better define blood levels that indicate impairment, such as those they use with alcohol.

Read more about other commonly abused drugs and their health effects, which could impair driving, at www. How many people take drugs and drive? And a higher percentage of young adults aged 18 to 25 drive after taking drugs or drinking than do adults 26 or older.

After alcohol, marijuana is the drug most often found in the blood of drivers involved in crashes. But the role that marijuana plays in crashes is often unclear. THC can be detected in body fluids for days or even weeks after use, and it is often combined with alcohol.

The risk associated with marijuana in combination with alcohol, cocaine, or benzodiazepines appears to be greater than that for either drug by itself. Along with marijuana, prescription drugs are also commonly linked to drugged driving crashes. A nationwide study of deadly crashes found that about 47 percent of drivers who tested positive for drugs had used a prescription drug, compared to 37 percent of those had used marijuana and about 10 percent of those who had used cocaine.

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The most common prescription drugs found were pain relievers. How often does drugged driving cause crashes? It's hard to measure how many crashes are caused by drugged driving. Older adults also may not break down the drug in their system as quickly as younger people.

These factors can lead to unintended intoxication while behind the wheel of a car. Why is drugged driving a problem in teens and young adults? Teen drivers are less experienced and are more likely than older drivers to underestimate or not recognize dangerous situations. They are also more likely to speed and allow less distance between vehicles.

Feb 18,  · While there are effective tests for alcohol intake, it’s difficult to judge who is driving under the influence of marijuana. users to drive under the influence, with the latter taking a more responsible approach to driving under the influence of drugs. Alcohol and drugs were detected more often in male drivers. The gender differences in driving under the influence of alcohol, driving under the influence of illicit drugs and driving under the influence of simultaneous influence of alcohol and illicit drugs was consistent across the 21 to 25 age group and the 26 or older age group, the pattern was not consistent for all substances in the 16 to 20 age group.

When lack of driving experience is combined with drug use, the results can be tragic. Car crashes are the leading cause of death among young people aged 16 to 19 years. Marijuana was the most common drug used, followed by cocaine and prescription pain relievers. Because drugged driving puts people at a higher risk for crashes, public health experts urge people who use drugs and alcohol to develop social strategies to prevent them from getting behind the wheel of a car while impaired.

Steps people can take include: The study excluded nicotine, aspirin, alcohol, and drugs given after the crash. Points to Remember Use of illicit drugs or misuse of prescription drugs can make driving a car unsafe—just like driving after drinking alcohol. In10 million people aged 12 or older reported driving under the influence of illicit drugs in the past year.

It's hard to measure how many crashes drugged driving causes.Sep 27,  · 1. Introduction. Driving under the influence of alcohol has long been a severe social problem in the United States.

In , a study by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) indicated that approximately 30 people died in alcohol-related collisions per day (approximately 11, deaths per year); that is, one person dies in an alcohol-related collision every 48 min.

The statistical analysis results of driving performance indicated that average speed, speed standard deviation, and lane position standard deviation were significantly higher under the influence of alcohol. The gender differences in driving under the influence of alcohol, driving under the influence of illicit drugs and driving under the influence of simultaneous influence of alcohol and illicit drugs was consistent across the 21 to 25 age group and the 26 or older age group, the pattern was not consistent for all substances in the 16 to 20 age group.

Driving under the influence of alcohol is a contributing factor to a number of road traffic accidents. There is, however, a lack of research into the behaviours that lead to drink driving. The current research used a novel approach, behaviour sequence analysis, to investigate the chains of.

Essay about Causes and Effects of Drunk Driving; Essay about Causes and Effects of Drunk Driving. Words 4 Pages.

Cause and Effect Essay on: Drunk Driving Driving under the influence of alcohol has affected and devastated countless people’s lives.

Why is drugged driving dangerous?

Driving under the influence is one of the most dangerous situations you can put . Alcohol also reduces the perceived negative consequences of risk-taking, 31 which can increase willingness to take risks after drinking, 32 the amount of risk-taking behavior while driving, even at low alcohol doses, 33 and the incidence of road traffic accidents while driving drunk.

34, 35 However, there is considerable variability in the.

Study of the Effects of Alcohol on Drivers and Driving Performance on Straight Road