Girls were randomly assigned to play with a thin doll, an average-sized doll, or Legos in a no doll control condition.
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March Learn how and when to remove this template message The first Barbie doll was introduced in both blonde and brunette in March Ruth Handler watched her daughter Barbara play with paper dolls, and noticed that she often enjoyed giving them adult roles. Realizing that there could be a gap in the market, Handler suggested the idea of an adult-bodied doll to her husband Elliota co-founder of the Mattel toy company.
She gave one to her daughter and took the others back to Mattel. The Lilli doll was based on a popular character appearing in a comic strip drawn by Reinhard Beuthin for the newspaper Bild.
Lilli was a blonde bombshell, a working girl who knew what she wanted and was not above using men to get it. The Lilli doll was first sold in Germany inand although it was initially sold to adults, it became popular with children who enjoyed dressing her up in outfits that were available separately .
The first Barbie doll wore a black and white zebra striped swimsuit and signature topknot ponytailand was available as either a blonde or brunette. The doll was marketed as a "Teen-age Fashion Model," with her clothes created by Mattel fashion designer Charlotte Johnson.
The first Barbie dolls Barbie and ken effect on kids manufactured in Japan, with their clothes hand-stitched by Japanese homeworkers. AroundBarbie dolls were sold during the first year of production.
Louis Marx and Company sued Mattel in March The company additionally claimed that Mattel "falsely and misleadingly represented itself as having originated the design".
Mattel counter-claimed and the case was settled out of court in Barbie was one of the first toys to have a marketing strategy based extensively on television advertising, which has been copied widely by other toys. It is estimated that over a billion Barbie dolls have been sold worldwide in over countries, with Mattel claiming that three Barbie dolls are sold every second.
Media franchise Barbie products include not only the range of dolls with their clothes and accessories, but also a large range of Barbie branded goods such as books, apparel, cosmetics, and video games.
Barbie has appeared in a series of animated films sinceand is a supporting character in the Pixar films Toy Story 2 and Toy Story 3. Out of This World and Barbie and the Sensations: Legacy and influence Barbie has become a cultural icon and has been given honors that are rare in the toy world.
The exhibit featured Barbie dolls over two floors as well as works by contemporary artists and documents newspapers, photos, video that contextualize Barbie. From her early days as a teenage fashion model, Barbie has appeared as an astronaut, surgeon, Olympic athlete, downhill skier, aerobics instructor, TV news reporter, vet, rock star, doctor, army officer, air force pilot, summit diplomat, rap musician, presidential candidate party undefinedbaseball player, scuba diver, lifeguard, fire-fighter, engineer, dentist, and many more When Barbie first burst into the toy shops, just as the s were breaking, the doll market consisted mostly of babies, designed for girls to cradle, rock and feed.
By creating a doll with adult features, Mattel enabled girls to become anything they want.
A news release from Mattel in February announced that Barbie and Ken had decided to split up,  but in Februarythey were hoping to rekindle their relationship after Ken had a makeover.
She has owned a wide range of vehicles, including pink Corvette convertiblestrailers, and Jeeps. Barbie was friendly with Blainean Australian surfer, during her split with Ken in For the Nicki Minaj song, see Black Barbies song.
Body Image From the start, some have complained that "the blonde, plastic doll conveyed an unrealistic body image to girls. One of the most common criticisms of Barbie is that she promotes an unrealistic idea of body image for a young woman, leading to a risk that girls who attempt to emulate her will become anorexic.
According to research by the University Central Hospital in Helsinki, Finland, she would lack the 17 to 22 percent body fat required for a woman to menstruate.
Diversity Complaints also point to a lack of diversity in the line. Starting init produced Hispanic dolls, and later came models from across the globe. For example, init introduced "Cinco de Mayo Barbie" wearing a ruffled red, white, and green dress echoing the Mexican flag. Hispanic magazine reports that: She also has had close Hispanic friends, such as Teresa.
However, she was produced using the existing head molds for the white Francie doll and lacked African characteristics other than a dark skin.
The first African American doll in the Barbie range is usually regarded as Christie, who made her debut in InMattel created a focus group with African American children and parents, early childhood specialists, and clinical psychologist, Darlene Powell Hudson. Instead of using the same molds for the Caucasian Barbies, new ones were created.
In addition, facial features, skin tones, hair texture, and names were all altered. The body shapes looked different, but the proportions were the same to ensure clothing and accessories were interchangeable.Barbie is a fashion doll manufactured by the American toy company Mattel, Inc. and launched in March American businesswoman Ruth Handler is credited with the creation of the doll using a German doll called Bild Lilli as her inspiration..
Barbie is the figurehead of a brand of Mattel dolls and accessories, including other family members and collectible dolls.
The history of Barbie Day is also the history of Barbie herself because March. 9th marks her official birthday. Barbie debuted on March 9, at the American International Toy Fair in New York. Ruth Handler, the wife of Elliot Handler, who is the co-founder of the toy company Mattel, Inc., thought.
Feb 06, · The battle over whether Barbie is bad for girls self-image got heated on Monday, Fast Company published an interview with a lead Mattel designer who led a vigorous defense of Barbie's impossible and much-maligned proportions.
About the National Conference for Community and Justice Formed , NCCJ is a nonprofit human relations organization that promotes inclusion and acceptance by providing education and advocacy while building communities that are respectful and just for regardbouddhiste.comating the diversity of races, religions, cultures, genders, abilities, and sexual orientations.
My name is Barbie Doll, or it is now. You can call me Barbie for short. It used to be Greg. This is my story. I had to write it down on paper smuggled a sheet at a time to a secret cache, using the remaining ink from spent pens, so there will be a written account of my experiences, if someone will ever find them.
These are adorable dolls & my 4 1/2 yr. old granddaughter likes them a lot. I bought it mainly to complete her set of Barbie sister dolls.
However, the Skipper doll comes off the skateboard if you attempt to have her ACTUALLY use it.