# Cost volume and profit

Applications[ edit ] CVP simplifies the computation of breakeven in break-even analysisand more generally allows simple computation of target income sales.  Target Profit Because most companies have aspirations of earning more profit than 'zero', the profit equation quickly adapts to determine the units or sales dollars needed to achieve a 'target profit'.

Target profit is the profit level management desires to earn during a specified period and can be expressed in units or sales dollars. Units to Achieve a Target Profit To calculate the number of units to be sold in order to earn a specified 'target' profit, replace the right side of the profit equation with the desired profit level.

Sales Revenue to Achieve a Target Profit To determine the sales revenue necessary to achieve a target profit, begin with the units needed to achieve a target profit, and multiply by the unit selling price.

Margin of Safety Managers are usually pleased when their profit levels are high. However, when operations are not as desired, managers want to keep a close watch on operations during the accounting period.

Theoretically, it is not economically feasible to track the level of profit during the accounting period due to accrual basis accounting. The amount of profit is not determined until after the accounting period, at which time it is often too late to make changes in operations. The margin of safety can give managers an efficient method of tracking operations, and will help them control operations during the period to possibly avoid a loss.

The margin of safety is a calculation that indicates how much sales can drop before a loss will occur. It can be calculated in number of units or in sales dollars, the latter of which is more useful when a company sells multiple products.

Margin of safety is calculated as the difference between expected sales and the breakeven BE point: The breakeven point in units previously calculated was 2, units.

The margin of safety in units for TaraDyne is: The margin of safety in sales dollars is: This information is helpful for managers as they are able to manage operations by tracking daily sales through a cash register or sales invoices much more effectively than tracking profit that is affected by a number of expenses, accruals, and deferrals for which information is not readily available during the period.

Using Contribution Margin per Unit in CVP Analysis Suppose you need to calculate the breakeven point but know neither the unit selling price nor unit variable cost. You can use the contribution margin per unit in the profit equation to calculate the breakeven point.

By subtracting the first two components of the profit equation from each other, i. The 'x' is first factored out of the first two components of the profit equation. The only difference when used to determine sales at a target profit level is the right side of the profit equation contains the desired profit rather than zero. Using the Contribution Margin Ratio to Calculate in CVP In the absence of the unit selling price, the unit variable cost, or the unit contribution margin, you can use the contribution margin ratio to calculate sales needed to breakeven or to obtain a target profit.Cost-Volume-Profit analysis (CVP) relates the firm’s cost structure to sales volume and profitability.

A formula that facilitates CVP analysis can be easily derived as follows: Profit = Sales – Expenses. Cost Volume Profit Analysis of Monteray Co. Please provide some assistance in solving Monteray Co. break-even and margin of sales problems: (attached as well).

## Cost volume profit analysis - New York Essays

Cost-volume-profit Analysis and Decision Making in the Manufacturing Industries of Nigeria. 1. Introduction. Cost- volume- profit analysis according to Glautieret al () is the systematic examination of the inter-relationship between selling prices, sales and production volume, cost, expenses and profits.

Cost Volume Profit Analysis Writing Service. Introduction. Cost-Volume-Profit (CVP) analysis is a supervisory accounting method that is interested in the impact of sales volume and item expenses on operating profit of a company.

Cost-Volume-Profit Analysis Pricing your product or service can be the difference between success or failure of a small business.

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Learn more about cost-volume-profit analysis to consider all the economic variables involved when setting a price. Definition: The cost volume profit analysis, commonly referred to as CVP, is a planning process that management uses to predict the future volume of activity, costs incurred, sales made, and profits received.

In other words, it’s a mathematical equation that computes how changes in costs and sales will affect income in future periods.

Cost–volume–profit analysis - Wikipedia