Growing Number of Dads Home with the Kids Biggest increase among those caring for family By Gretchen Livingston The number of fathers who do not work outside the home has risen markedly in recent years, up to 2 million in The number of fathers who are at home with their children for any reason has nearly doubled sincewhen 1. Since that time, the number has fallen slightly, driven mainly by declines in unemployment, according to a new Pew Research Center analysis of U. A rise in the number of stay-at-home fathers is occurring side by side with another important parenting trend of the past half century:
Our media reflects these mores. Anime, like any other medium, reflects the expectations society has for its members.
Aspects of anime, such as a girl cooking a bento for her favorite guy or guys acting pure and innocent, are a reflection of gender roles and expectations in Japanese society. Gender roles are defined by culture more than physical differences between men and women.
Certainly, women are pigeonholed into child bearing because guys physically cannot. However, child rearing roles are a product of culture. Japanese and Chinese cultures tend to value different roles than we do in the West.
For example, independence is not considered a desirable trait for a man in China Sugihara, Let us briefly trace the development of Japanese gender roles before looking into the roles found in modern Japan. Confucian Japan Japan was a fairly equitable matriarchal society until Confucian ideas immigrated from China.
The integration of Confucian hierarchical structures where men were dominate shifted gender roles into a patriarchal system. Both men and women shared expectations under the Confucian system: Men were expected to be loyal to their lords; women were to be loyal to their family and husband.
Interestingly, women could own and inherit property and family position in feudal Japan. They were expected to control the household budget and household decisions to allow men to serve their lord.
During the feudal era, men were expected to be well rounded. The Japanese government tapped into loyalty and courage to encourage the war effort. The war also sharply divided gender roles, much to the detriment of women. They were encouraged by propaganda to be married to the nation.
Although many women worked munition factories. Poor women were drafted by the Japanese government to sexually service military men. Men were expected to use these services. It was believed that guys who abstained from sex for too long fought poorly Mclelland, Women who stayed at home, unlike their brothers, sons, and husbands, were expected to remain chaste.
They were thought to have protective properties. Guys were forced to fight under distorted samurai ideals to the point of suicide.
These ideals took the ideas of brotherly love and used them to make men fight to the point of suicidal charges and general waste of life. Kamikazes are a result of this distortion.
Loyalty to Imperial Japan and courage were also fuel for the bloody violence. The film, Letters from Iwa Jima is a good illustration of these views. I recommend watching this film if you are interested in seeing how traditional morals can be distorted to encourage violence. Discrimination based on gender was forbidden by the Japanese Constitution.
American attitudes about public displays of affection, American fashion and values changed attitudes of men and women toward each other and traditional roles.
WWII essentially ended the social feudal system Mclelland, Modern Japanese gender roles took on an odd mix of American views and traditional views during this time.
That is why honorifics are an important part of the language. They help define how a person relates or belongs to another person or group.The most common dwelling arrangement still is mother, father, and their children; or mother, her children, and others.
These small traditional units differ from modern families in part in their economic interdependence with nearby family and community members, and in part in their attitudes towards family life (Hareven ). A father's love is just as important to a child's development as a mother's, and sometimes more so, suggests a review of about studies published between and In my view, the changes described above should be seen as progress.
Conclusion In conclusion, the changing roles of men and women in the family are a result of wider changes in society, and I believe that these developments are desirable. As you can see, about as many children are being taken care of by grandparents as are by single dads.
Co-habiting parents, who barely registered in , now look after 7% of kids. "The fathers have eaten a sour grape and the children's teeth are set on edge." (Jeremiah, Book 31, Verse 29) This quote from the Bible represented the power of the father as the primary authority.
Fatherhood in modern society Young Fathers As the rate of teenage pregnancies increases so does the number of teenage fathers; the exact number is not known as most research in this area is focused on teenage mothers rather than fathers.