Attendance at the summit has dwindled in recent years; thirty-five heads of state attended in and only ten attended in Discussions covered Palestine, the U. At the 71st meeting of the UNGA First Committee, NAM delivered statements during thematic debates on nuclear weaponsother weapons of mass destructionouter spaceconventional weaponsother disarmament and security issues, and disarmament machinery.
The Non-Aligned Movement as an organization was founded on the Brijuni islands in Yugoslavia inand was formalized by signing the Declaration of Brijuni on 19 July One of the quotations within the Declaration is "Peace can not be achieved with separation, but with the aspiration towards collective security in global terms and expansion of freedom, as well as terminating the domination of one country over another".
According to Rejaul Karim Laskaran ideologue of the Congress party which ruled India for most part of the Cold War years, the Non-Aligned Movement arose from the desire of Jawaharlal Nehru and other leaders of the newly independent countries of the third world to guard their independence "in face of complex international situation demanding allegiance to either two warring superpowers".
The phrase itself was first used to represent the doctrine by Indian diplomat V.
Krishna Menon inat the United Nations. The term "non-alignment" was established in at the United Nations. Nehru used the phrase in a speech in Colombo, Sri Lanka. In this speech, Nehru described the five pillars to be used as a guide for Sino-Indian relations called Panchsheel five restraints ; these principles would later serve as the basis of the Non-Aligned Movement.
The five principles were: Mutual non-interference in domestic affairs.
Equality and mutual benefit. At the Lusaka Conference in Septemberthe member nations added as aims of the movement the peaceful resolution of disputes and the abstention from the big power military alliances and pacts. Another added aim was opposition to stationing of military bases in foreign countries.
India and Pakistan, Iran and Iraq. The movement fractured from its own internal contradictions when the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan in Although the Soviet allies supported the invasion, other members of the movement particularly predominantly Muslim states condemned it.
After the breakup of Yugoslaviaa founding member, its membership was suspended  in at the regular Ministerial Meeting of the Movement, held in New York during the regular yearly session of the General Assembly of the United Nations. InMalta and Cyprus ceased to be members and joined the European Union.
Belarus is the only member of the Movement in Europe.
Azerbaijan and Fiji are the most recent entrants, joining in The applications of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Costa Rica were rejected in andrespectively. A major question has been whether many of its foundational ideologies, principally national independence, territorial integrity, and the struggle against colonialism and imperialism, can be applied to contemporary issues.The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) was created and founded during the collapse of the colonial system and the independence struggles of the peoples of Africa, Asia, Latin America and other regions of the world and at the height of the Cold War.
During the early days of the Movement, its actions were a. The Non-Aligned Movement Centre for South-South Technical Cooperation (NAM CSSTC) in Collaboration with the Government of Indonesia Provided Training on Agriculture and Animal Husbandry to African Countries Malang & Batu, East java, Indonesia, September The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) is an international organization (group of countries) who do not want to be officially aligned (friends) with or against any major power bloc (group of countries).
In , the movement had members and 24 observer countries. On 12 April, the Chair circulated a Note Verbale of the Permanent Mission of Indonesia, in its capacity as coordinator of the NAM Working Group on Disarmament, appending the Working Paper by the Non-Aligned Movement for Working Group I of the substantive session of the United Nations Disarmament Commission (UNDC).
The Non-Aligned Movement was formed during the Cold War to create an independent path for states that did not want to align with the US or the Soviet Union.
The Non-Aligned Movement was founded and held its first conference (the Belgrade Conference) in under the leadership of Josip Broz Tito of Yugoslavia, Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt, Jawaharlal Nehru of India, Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana, and Sukarno of Indonesia.