Writers like Jean-Paul Sartre and Albert Camus began to write about themes like human existence and its crisis, and it was called existentialism, a philosophical theory and an approach that emphasizes the existence of the individual person determining its own development and destiny. However, when one questions his or her own existence and meaning of life, it merely simplifies the existential crisis. That was the main topic to write about for Sartre, even though he stated that he is not an existentialist.
His major contribution to twentieth-century thinking was his system of existentialism, an ensemble of ideas describing humans' freedom and responsibilities within a framework of human dignity.
That is, he evolved a philosophy which concerned itself with existence in all its forms: All of Sartre's works, whether they be novels, plays, essays, or major philosophical treatises, are media through which he presented his ideas.
Sartre was not a stylist, and aesthetics were of limited interest to him. His plays have even been called "black and white. Sartre was born on June 21,in Paris.
The son of Jean-Baptiste Sartre, a French naval officer, and Anne Marie Schweitzer, first cousin of Albert Schweitzer, the young Sartre was to lose his father shortly after birth, making it necessary to move into the home of his maternal grandfather, Charles Schweitzer.
As a child, Sartre was small and cross-eyed — features which followed him through life — and thus he was generally unsuited for the activities of more ordinary children.
Perhaps because of his physical limitations and irregular family life, he learned early to assess people and events from a detached, systematic viewpoint.
He would talk with his mother in the park each day in search of new friends, and on discovering that children his age weren't much interested in him, he would return sadly to his apartment and launch into dreams.
Such is the background for what would become a career based on serious and profound thinking tempered by a creative, artistic talent. This friendship, which developed into a lifelong relationship of love and support, was to provide Sartre with one of his most stimulating and trustworthy colleagues and future co-workers.
Sartre did not believe in official marriage, and his friendship with Simone de Beauvoir was the closest he came to formalizing a lifestyle with another person.
She provides an intimate account of their early years in two of her best-selling books, Memoirs of a Dutiful Daughter and The Prime of Life Between andhe taught high school in Le Havre, Lyon, and Paris. It was a period during which he began to feel the need for focusing his ideas in a way that would make them accessible to large groups of people.
A one-year sabbatical in at the French Institute in Berlin enabled him to immerse himself in modern German philosophy, particularly the works of Heidegger and Husserl. The atheistic nature of Heidegger's thinking was attractive to Sartre as he emerged from his Catholic background into a godless universe.
His first major breakthrough as a writer came in with his novel Nausea, which some critics feel is his best work. Based on the principle that man experiences a sensation of "nausea" when confronted with a meaningless and irrational universe, the novel was the genesis for a series of writings in which Sartre propounds similar ideas.
The literary genres vary, but the ideas are the same. Sartre was an extremely practical man in the sense of putting into practice his thoughts and ideas. He thought nothing of becoming involved in political rallies which supported his beliefs, and the meaning of "action," for him, would increasingly take on a capital importance in his works.Educated in his native Paris and at German universities, Jean-Paul Sartre taught philosophy during the s at La Havre and Paris.
Captured by the Nazis while serving as an Army meteorologist, Sartre was a prisoner of war for one year before returning to his teaching position, where he participated actively in the French resistance to German occupation until the liberation.
The Influence of Jean-Paul Sartre's Leadership in French Existentialism PAGES 2.
WORDS 1, View Full Essay. More essays like this: french existenialism, influence jean-paul satre leadership, jean-paul satre. Not sure what I'd do without @Kibin - Alfredo Alvarez, student @ Miami University. Jean-Paul Sartre was born in Paris on June 21, , the only child of Anne-Marie and Jean-Baptiste Sartre.
Both of his parents came from prominent families. Sartre’s paternal grandfather was a celebrated physician, and his maternal grandfather, Karl “Charles” Schweitzer, was a respected.
Catalano, Joseph, , A Commentary on Jean-Paul Sartre's Being and Nothingness, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
–––, , A Commentary on Jean-Paul Sartre's Critique of Dialectical Reason, vol. 1 Chicago: University of Chicago Press. "The influence of anarchists such as Proudhon and Bakunin is apparent in Jean-Paul Sartres' political writings, from his early works of the s to Critique of Dialectical Reason, his largest political piece.
Jean-Paul Sartre's Influences. BACK; NEXT ; Check out the books, authors, and Big Ideas that influenced this critic.