With the hindsight of a whole century, the latter view is perhaps more persuasive, for the situation in can be seen to have its beginnings in the Victorian era.
Nok sculpture, terracotta The Nok civilisation of Northern Nigeria flourished between BC and ADproducing life-sized terracotta figures that are some of the earliest known sculptures in Sub-Saharan Africa.
The Kingdom of Nri of the Igbo people consolidated in the 10th century and continued until it lost its sovereignty to the British in Nri and Aguleriwhere the Igbo creation myth originates, are in the territory of the Umeuri clan.
Members of the clan trace their lineages back to the patriarchal king-figure Eri. Middle Ages — Further information: History of Nigeria — Oyo, at its territorial zenith in the late 17th to early 18th centuries, extended its influence from western Nigeria to modern-day Togo.
Their dominance reached as far as the city of Eko an Edo name later changed to Lagos by the Portuguese and further. The territory controlled by the resultant state included much of modern-day northern and central Nigeria; it lasted until the break-up of the Empire into various European colonies.
Benin City in the 17th century with the Oba of Benin in procession. This image appeared in a European book, Description of Africa, published in Amsterdam in Cities in the area became regional centres in a broad network of trade routes that spanned western, central and northern Africa.
In the 16th century, Spanish and Portuguese explorers were the first Europeans to begin significant, direct trade with peoples of modern-day Nigeria, at the port they named Lagos and in Calabar. Europeans traded goods with peoples at the coast; coastal trade with Europeans also marked the beginnings of the Atlantic slave trade.
A number of slave routes were established throughout Nigeria linking the hinterland areas with the major coastal ports.
Some of the more prolific slave traders were linked with the Oyo Empire in the southwest, the Aro Confederacy in the southeast and the Sokoto Caliphate in the north. The use of slave labor was extensive, especially in agriculture. British Nigeria — Emir of Kano, with cavalry, photographed in King Duke of Calabar in full dress published The slave trade was engaged in by European state and non-state actors such as Great Britainthe NetherlandsPortugal and private companies, as well as various African states and non-state actors.
With rising anti-slavery sentiment at home and changing economic realities, Great Britain outlawed the international slave trade in Following the Napoleonic WarsGreat Britain established the West Africa Squadron in an attempt to halt the international traffic in slaves.
Britain intervened in the Lagos Kingship power struggle by bombarding Lagos indeposing the slave trade friendly Oba Kosoko, helping to install the amenable Oba Akitoyeand signing the Treaty between Great Britain and Lagos on 1 January British missionaries expanded their operations and travelled further inland.
InBritish claims to a West African sphere of influence received recognition from other European nations at the Berlin Conference.The Societies for the Reformation of Manners, active from , employed the criminal justice system to discipline the poor, but in parallel a wider national movement to create workhouses in major cities also evolved with the related aim to "inure the poor to labour", and train up .
The term condom first appears in the early 18th century. Its etymology is unknown. Its etymology is unknown.
In popular tradition, the invention and naming of the condom came to be attributed to an associate of England's King Charles II, one "Dr.
Condom" or "Earl of Condom". In the 19th century, pigs roamed New York’s tenement neighborhoods eating garbage. For most of the 19th century, tuberculosis was the single leading cause of death in New York.
From to , an average of more than 5, New Yorkers died of the disease every year. 17th Century Colonial New England with special emphasis on the Essex County witch-hunt of "She is More to be Pitied than Censured" Women, Sexuality and Murder in 19th Century .
Organized crime is a category of transnational, national, or local groupings of highly centralized enterprises run by criminals who intend to engage in illegal activity, most commonly for money and regardbouddhiste.com criminal organizations, such as terrorist groups, are politically regardbouddhiste.commes criminal organizations force people to do business .
These are the basic political ideologies that are prevalent in contemporary times. Of course, these are largely simplified, and most people don’t .