The Japanese language has three distinct writing systems: Hiragana and katakana are the phonetic representations of individual letters. The Japanese use hiragana to write native words and katakana for words that originated in other languages.
Each script serves a different function.
Katakana is mostly used to write borrowed words of foreign origin, Write japanese onomatopoeic sound effects. Kanji is used for words of both Japanese and Chinese origin, as well as many Japanese names. The earliest written form of Japanese was based on kanji.
Because this system was quite complicated, kana were invented as a way to simplify it. There are 46 characters in the hiragana and katakana scripts, for a total of 92 characters in all.
These characters represent sounds, specifically syllables. A syllable is generally made up of a consonant plus a vowel, though there are some that are only a vowel.
In Japanese, there are five vowels: Furigana are small hiragana symbols placed above or to the side of a kanji character that indicate how it is read. While furigana are mostly used to aid children and foreigners learning Japanese, it is also used when the reading for a kanji is particularly difficult or uncommon.
Hiragana symbols are characterized by their curvy, flowing lines. Katakana symbols are characterized by their angular, boxy lines. The characters were originally pictures of people, animals or other things, but over the centuries they have become increasingly stylized and most no longer resemble the things they represent.
Kanji are made up of smaller parts known as radicals. Many characters have been combined with others to create new ones. When written on the page, each character is given exactly the same amount of space, no matter how complex it is.
In written Japanese, there are no spaces between characters. The number of kanji in existence number into the tens of thousands, but the good news is that a large number of these are rarely used variants, accumulated throughout history.
As this list occasionally undergoes revisions, it is possible that this number may increase in the future. Studies have shown that full literacy in the Japanese language requires a knowledge of around two thousand characters.
Most kanji have at least two different kinds of readings: The kunyomi is usually used when the kanji stands alone, and the onyomi when it is part of a compound. However, there are exceptions to this rule that simply must be remembered.
With Romaji, one can read Japanese without any prior knowledge of the Japanese writing system. There are several systems of Romaji, with the Hepburn system being the most widely used.Feb 26, · In this series, you will learn the Japanese writing systems known as Kana.
Japanese has three writing systems: Hiragana, Katakana and Kanji. This . Learn how to write japanese the quick and easy way! This app will teach you how to correctly draw each stroke, in the intended order and direction. It includes hiragana (), katakana () and kanji ( by Jōyō and JLPT) and features automatic hand writing recognition and pronunciation sounds.
(d) Where a compound word (two or more characters) was adopted to write a Japanese word. In some cases, a simple Japanese bird name was equivalent to a Chinese compound word of two or more characters.
In this case, Japanese used the compound word as a whole to write a single Japanese . Ken Seeroi provides a unique take on how to write Japanese, and the benefits of learning kanji.
New to Japanese? New to the sub? Read the Wiki! To submit a translation request, visit here instead. Welcome to /r/LearnJapanese, the hub on Reddit for learners of the Japanese Language..
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